Under Soviet Occupation 1940 - 1941
For a description from Siberia by Shmeryahu Pustopedski

A small town in Southern Lithuania
Where the Jewish Community is no more

Jewish residents of Vilkaviškis who were arrested in June 1941:

file No. P-13092 on Jokūb Starkovskis,
file No. P-14757 on Moze Khasman,
file No. P-7678 on Shmariya Pustapecki,
file No. P-12458 on Iser Uliyamperlis,
file No. 43938/3 on Isak Uliyamperl,
Abramo Zimanskio file No. P-7062;
file No. P-13962 on Efraim Abelevich,
file No. P-12421 on Eliya Kapushchinski.

The KGB fonds also contain files on people who were arrested in Vilkaviškis District:
file No. 45077/3 on Motel Gershovich,
file No. P-14772 on Maush Markson (Marksan),
file No. P-13117 on Abram Rutshtein.
The archival fond of the Deportation Files of the Ministry for Internal Affairs (MVD) of the Lithuanian SSR V-5 (henceforth - fond V-5) contains following files on Jewish residents who were deported from Vilkaviškis City in 1941:
deportation file No. 13248 on the Khait family,
deportation file No. 14084 on the Goldberg family,
deportation file No. 35314 on the Kovarski family,
deportation file No. 36128 on the Abelevich family,
deportation file No. 36408 on Abram Zamanski (Zimanski),
deportation file No. 36752 on the Pustopecki family,
deportation file No. 36852 on Jokūb (Jakovas) Starkovski,
deportation files No. 36940 and No. 36941 on the Ulyamperl family,
deportation file No. 36985 on Genakh Shapiro.

The fond V-5 also contains following files on people deported from Vilkaviškis District: deportation file No. 1197 on Greta Verzhbolovskaite,
deportation file No. 1257 on the Lavit and Tuvye family,
deportation file No. 3473 on the Abelevich family,
deportation file No. 3496 on the Jeglinski family,
deportation file No. 14239 on the Aprel (Aprilis) family,
deportation file No. 22026 on the Shimberg family,
deportation file No. 36601 on the Markson family,
deportation file No. 36629 on the Miler family,
deportation file No. 36634 on Leib Milc,
deportation file No. 36773 on Abram Rutshtein,
deportation file No. 36834 on the Snitkovski family,
deportation file No. 36956 on the Filipauskas (Filipovskis) family,
deportation file No. 38647 on the Rakhlin family,
deportation file No. 41083 on the Berenshtein family,
deportation file No. 41214 on Dove Kalnoriene and the Shemberg family,
deportation file No. 41244 on the Abelovich family,
deportation file No. 41903 on the Milc family.

The archival fond of the Criminal Files of the Ministry of the Interior (MVD) of the Lithuanian SSR V-1 contains following files on Jewish residents of Vilkaviškis District who were arrested by the Soviet repressive bodies in 1941:
file No. 5348 on Icik (Icekas) Deguckas,
file No. 5355 on Meyer Fleishner and his family members,
file No. 5424 on Meyer Rutshtein.
The archival fond of the Prison No. 1 of the People’s Commissariat for Internal Affairs (NKVD) of the Lithuanian SSR L-44 contains
personal file No. 12803 on Yankel Abramson, resident of Vilkaviškis City, arrested in 1940.

In June 1940 Lithuania was annexed to the Soviet Union and became a Soviet Republic. Following new rules, the majority of the factories and shops belonging to the Jews of Vilkovishk were nationalized and commissars appointed to manage them. All the Zionist parties and youth organizations were disbanded, several of the activists being detained and Hebrew educational institutions were closed. Supply of goods decreased and, as a result, prices soared. The middle class, mostly Jewish, bore most of the brunt and the standard of living dropped gradually. Five families and two bachelors were exiled to Siberia, the heads of these families being sentenced to 5-18 years of forced labour in the terrible Reshoti camps there. They were:

    Uliamperl Yitzhak, with wife and son, blamed for being the owner of a nationalized factory, and who died in Reshoti;

    Pustopedsky Shmeryahu (Zunia) with wife Liuba, blamed because he was a member of the Betar organization, survived Reshoti;

    Zimansky Avraham (single), the same accusation, survived;

    Starkovsky Ya'akov (single), the same accusation, died in Siberia;

    Uliamperl Munia (with wife and two children), also blamed for being a Betar member, died in Reshoti;

    Kovarsky Berl (with wife), accused of being a shop owner, died in Reshoti;

Goldberg Moshe (with wife and son), blamed for possessing a farm, died in exile.

From Lithuanian archival sources we can see what happened to Jewish property in Villkaviskis
A map showing Villkaviskis at the time of the Russian occupation